In the case of the third dataset, the fields used will be "000023", "000004" and "00000f". The optypes of the paired fields should match, and for the case of categorical fields, be a proper subset. If a final field has optype text, however, all values are converted to strings.
The next request will create a multi-dataset sampling the two input datasets differently. Each entry maps fields in the first dataset to fieds in the dataset referenced by the key. Setting this parameter to true for a dataset will return a dataset containing sequence of the out-of-bag instances instead of the sampled instances. See the Section on Sampling for more details.
Each value is a number between 0 and 1 specifying the sample rate for the dataset. Basically in those cases the flow that BigML. See examples below to create a multi-dataset model, a multi-dataset ensemble, and a multi-dataset evaluation. We apply the term dataset transformations to the set of operations to create new modified versions of your original dataset or just transformations to abbreviate. Keep in mind that you can sample, filter and extend a dataset all at once in only one API request.
Also when cloning a dataset, you can modify the names, labels, descriptions and preferred flags of its fields using a fields argument with entries for those fields you want to change. See a description for all the arguments below.
Dataset Cloning Arguments Argument TypeDescription category optional Integer The category that best describes the dataset. See the category codes for the complete list of categories. Example: "category": 1 description optional String A description of the dataset up to 8192 characters long. Example: "description": "This is a description of my new dataset" fields optional Object Updates the names, labels, and descriptions of the fields in the new dataset. An entry keyed with the field id of the original dataset for each field that will be updated.
Specifying a range of rows. As illustrated in the following example, it's possible to provide a list of input fields, selecting the fields from the filtered input dataset that will be created. Filtering happens before field picking and, therefore, the row filter can use fields that won't end up in the cloned dataset. See the Section on filtering sources for more details.
Each new field is created using a Flatline expression and optionally a name, label, and description. A Flatline expression is a lisp-like expresion that allows you to make references and process columns and rows of the origin dataset. See the full Flatline reference here. Let's see a first example that clones a dataset and adds a new field named "Celsius" to it using an expression that converts the values from the "Fahrenheit" field to Celsius.The "moving wall" represents the time period between the last issue available in JSTOR and the most recently published issue of a journal.
Moving walls are generally represented in years. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a "zero" moving wall, so their current issues are available in JSTOR shortly after publication. Note: In calculating the moving wall, the current year is not counted. For example, if the current year is 2008 and a journal has a 5 year moving wall, articles from the year 2002 are available.
Login via your institutionJSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Already have an account. Login Have library access. Sponsor: The Society for Financial Studies. You can always find the topics here. Topics: Statistical models, Modeling, Dividends, Analytical forecasting, Investors, Statistical significance, Yield, Equity, Keys, Predictability Were these topics helpful.
Select the topics that are inaccurate. Pay attention to names, capitalization, and dates. Authorized users may be able to access the full text articles at this site. The Review of Financial Studies is a major forum for the promotion and wide dissemination of significant new research in financial economics. Moving Wall: 3 years (What is the moving wall.
Terms Related to the Moving Wall Fixed walls: Journals with no new volumes being added to the archive. Absorbed: Journals that are combined with another title. Complete: Journals that are no longer published or that have been combined with another title.
How does it work. Select the purchase option. Check out using a credit card or bank account with PayPal. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your MyJSTOR account.
Login via your institution Why register for MyJSTOR. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Unlimited access to purchased articles. Ability to save and export citations. Custom alerts when new content is added. Organize Your Work Already have an account. Login How does it work. The Predictions Board is a powerful and important tool to help you measure and improve your systems and methods of play.
It is a one-of-a-kind feature on the Internet, available only at Lottery Post. Every Lottery Post member can post predictions. The system saves of all predictions and actual results, so you can analyze your prediction accuracy over time, as well as that of the other members. The prize amounts awarded for prediction wins are standardized amounts for each game type. For example, the 4-of-6 prize for Pick 6 in New Jersey is the same as the 4-of-6 prize amount for Pick 6 in every other state.Stoke can be dangerous, but they are a team Tottenham have consistently handled in the past.
Toby Aldwerweireld and Davinson Sanchez will be out, so it will be a greater than usual challenge, but hopefully Spurs are up to the task and get back on track. TV: NBCSN (NBC Sports Live Extra), BBC Radio (UK), TSN4, TSNGO (Canada), Optus Sport (Australia), other listings at livesoccertv. Poch quelled fears this morning stating that he avoided anything too serious. Victor Wanyama has resumed light outdoor training, which is a big positive.
With Dier being forced to the backline, we could really use him right now. Lastly, Davinson Sanchez will miss out due to his red card against Watford. Maybe Ben Davies slots to the left center-back spot and Danny Rose could feature out left, but that is unlikely.
My predicted lineup will be in a 4-2-3-1 formation and will be as follows: Kieran Trippier will play at right-back, Eric Dier and Jan Vertonghen will feature in the middle, with Ben Davies at left-back.
Harry Kane will start as the lone forward. Jake Meador and Joel Wertheimer nailed the 1-1 scoreline. With the perfect prediction Wertheimer, a newcomer to the competition, catapults himself into a two way first placed tie with the old Uncle himself.
Dustin Menno: I have nothing to say about Stoke, really. Matthew Pachniuk: Spurs have to bounce back, right.
Jake Meador: Dr Stoke City will see you now. Spurs 3, Stoke 1. Pardeep Cattry: Kevin Wimmer v. Son Heung-Min for the first time since their separation means someone will be saying sorry for his team's success at the end. It'll probably be Son.Travel and tourism - answer key dated 29.09.2019 - ASSISTANT TOURIST OFFICER, GRADE-II
Joel Wertheimer: A full week of rest will do wonders for Eriksen and Kane. Spurs get back to smashing the dregs of the league. Nathan Giannini: Have we ever played Stoke and not won 4-0. Joe Patrick: I'm well and truly stumped as to how this team will perform on a match-to-match basis.
I'll guess 2-1 Spurs. Bryan A: We're playing Stoke and we just won convincingly in the Champions League. ET (USA) Venue: Wembley Stadium, London, UK Official: Roger East TV: NBCSN (NBC Sports Live Extra), BBC Radio (UK), TSN4, TSNGO (Canada), Optus Sport (Australia), other listings at livesoccertv. Prediction League Jake Meador and Joel Wertheimer nailed the 1-1 scoreline. Cartilage Free Captain Prediction League Standings 2017-18 Name Score Name Score Dustin Menno 9 Joel Wertheimer 9 Joe Patrick 8 Alex Greenberg 8 Pardeep Cattry 8 Earl of Shoop 8 Jake Meador 8 Matthew Pachniuk 6 GN Punk 6 Salmon Chase 6 Ed F.
Stoke: final score 5-1, Spurs stake Stoke with brilliant second half Tottenham Hotspur vs. Their results are another matter. The sidebar size is long. A Winter Storm Warning is in effect for the city and surrounding areas from 4 a. Saturday to 7 a. Still looks like 3-6" of snow for much of the region tomorrow. A lone woman makes her way in Boston's South End neighborhood during a storm last March.This tour is a perfect tour for a 'taste' of Iceland. But it leaves us hungry for more.
Nordic Visitor made visiting Iceland very easy. Since some locations were in unpopulated areas we would have found it hard to choose where to stay. NV made the whole trip very stress-free.
Margret was awesome to work with. Very responsive, very helpful even once we got there. A trip we will never forget. The guest houses and hotels were awesome, and the activities were great. Rental car was awesome and it was overall a fantastic trip. On our trip, we met a few other Americans.
Told them about Nordic Visitor and they were impressed. I found Nordic Visitor's website very user-friendly. I love that all the documents sent was super easy to just hand the concierge and the 2 excursions we booked already had our names down. I loved the 2 excursions in the package we chose.
Overall, it exceeded my expectations and I'm so glad I chose this particular trip. We booked a couple tours outside of Nordic Visitor and saw a huge difference between what you booked and what we booked ourselves. The quality of the tours from Nordic Visitor were so much better than what we booked on our own.
We quickly regretted not working with you for our last minute additions. Hanna was great to work with and very accommodating with our requests. We recommended Nordic Visitor to many people we chatted with on our trip. Thanks for a great trip. Even though all bookings were done by internet the process seemed very personal and I had every confidence that arrangements would be carried out without any hassles. The trip was absolutely amazing and we had the time of our lives. Everything that Nordic Visitor arranged went perfectly and we had no issues whatsoever.
The organization and professionalism of every aspect of the trip was remarkable. Can't praise Nordic Visitor and Hanna Lara, in particular, enough.Thanks for organising it. I booked this trip within 3 weeks of our arrival during the height of the summer season in Iceland. Since it was a self-driving tour, I was not sure if it would be worth it given the price. I did not have time to research nor to book hotels, nor did I know what was realistic as I had been able to research options.
With it all arranged by Margret Wendt, the stops highlighted and the book, it made it very easy to see many sights in a day and piece of mind to know we had a place to stay. From our first encounter with Margret, she captured all the details and requirements for us, which she summarized back in an email, then crafted a great tour on short notice.
We were able to spend our time touring and experiencing everything (12-14 hours each day) rather than on the internet researching and stress of trying to find accommodations. So much to see ,so be sure to plan a lot of days if you are active and want to include additional activities (i. When we needed assistance, change of plans or had questions, the Nordic team was responsive and helpful any time and any day. Very easy to find contact info.
The hosts at each location were incredibly welcoming and made our stay wonderful. Our contact at Nordic Visitor, Christoph, was thorough and helpful in accommodating needs for our trip and was a great help in planning the trip. I am thrilled to use Nordic Visitor for my Scandinavian travels.
This was our third tour using the company and I can't rave enough about how great the trips have been.
I recommend Nordic Visitor to all friends and colleagues interested in traveling to supported countries. Excellent communication with our advisor. All the documents were very professionally produced and extremely helpful in providing us with the best advice regarding routes and attractions. Generally a seamless experience. I would highly recommend Nordic Visitor for those planning self drive tours in Iceland. This trip was above and beyond.
I'm not used to being on a guided tour, but I was pleasantly surprised. The next trip I do, I would probably prefer a private tour, but either way this trip to Iceland was amazing. Iceland is not only a wonderful country to tour with friendly people but the services and detailed personal itinerary provided by Nordic Visitor, made our visit one of those lifelong memorable occasions.
The spiral bound notebook and vouchers were great. I wish the large book could have been made available before the trip as didn't want to spend the trip reading up on the various sites, but would have liked to have that information prior to coming to Iceland.
The gps unit provided with the rental car was rather dated and difficult to use. We mainly just used it to be sure we were on the correct road - so it was valuable in that respect. Appreciated that the driver was there on time to pick us up from the airport (he also gave us helpful hints about driving in Iceland) as was the transport from Thrifty to take us to the car rental.
We booked this tour of Iceland as our honeymoon. Most people in the USA book tropical vacations, however we wanted something adventurous and more memorable. Iceland and this trip exceeded our expectations in every way. The country is incredible and words cannot describe its beauty. We were so thankful for the maps and printed out information. This was the trip of a lifetime and if money permits, we'd LOVE to come back someday.
The self-driving tour planned for us was everything I'd hoped, with a wonderful range of destinations and accommodations throughout.Note that the gambler who bets at "odds on" and wins will still be in profit, as his stake will be returned. In common parlance, this is a "50-50 chance". Guessing heads or tails on a coin toss is the classic example of an event that has even odds. In gambling, it is commonly referred to as "even money" or simply "evens" (1 to 1, or 2 for 1).
The term "better than evens" (or "worse than evens") varies in meaning depending on context. Looked at from the perspective of a gambler rather than a statistician, "better than evens" means "odds against". So, it is "better than evens" from the gambler's perspective because it pays out more than one-for-one. If an event is more likely to occur than an even chance, then the odds will be "worse than evens", and the bookmaker will pay out less than one-for-one. In statistics, odds are an expression of relative probabilities, generally quoted as the odds in favor.
The odds (in favor) of an event or a proposition is the ratio of the probability that the event will happen to the probability that the event will not happen. Mathematically, this is a Bernoulli trial, as it has exactly two outcomes.
For example, the odds that a randomly chosen day of the week is a weekend are two to five (2:5), as days of the week form a sample space of seven outcomes, and the event occurs for two of the outcomes (Saturday and Sunday), and not for the other five. For example, the odds against a random day of the week being a weekend are 5:2. For example, "odds of a weekend are 2 to 5", while "chances of a weekend are 2 in 7".
In casual use, the words odds and chances (or chance) are often used interchangeably to vaguely indicate some measure of odds or probability, though the intended meaning can be deduced by noting whether the preposition between the two numbers is to or in.
Odds as a ratio, odds as a number, and probability (also a number) are related by simple formulas, and similarly odds in favor and odds against, and probability of success and probability of failure have simple relations. This is a minor difference if the probability is small (close to zero, or "long odds"), but is a major difference if the probability is large (close to one).
These transforms have certain special geometric properties: the conversions between odds for and odds against (resp. They are thus specified by three points (sharply 3-transitive). Swapping odds for and odds against swaps 0 and infinity, fixing 1, while swapping probability of success with probability of failure swaps 0 and 1, fixing.
Converting odds to probability fixes 0, sends infinity to 1, and sends 1 to. In probability theory and Bayesian statistics, odds may sometimes be more natural or more convenient than probabilities. This is often the case in problems of sequential decision making as for instance in problems of how to stop (online) on a last specific event which is solved by the odds algorithm.
Similar ratios are used elsewhere in Bayesian statistics, such as the Bayes factor. Odds-ratios are often used in analysis of clinical trials. In some cases the log-odds are used, which is the logit of the probability. Most simply, odds are frequently multiplied or divided, and log converts multiplication to addition and division to subtractions. Answer: The odds in favour of a blue marble are 2:13. One can equivalently say, that the odds are 13:2 against. There are 2 out of 15 chances in favour of blue, 13 out of 15 against blue.
That value may be regarded as the relative probability the event will happen, expressed as a fraction (if it is less than 1), or a multiple (if it is equal to or greater than one) of the likelihood that the event will not happen.
In the very first example at top, saying the odds of a Sunday are "one to six" or, less commonly, "one-sixth" means the probability of picking a Sunday randomly is one-sixth the probability of not picking a Sunday. While the mathematical probability of an event has a value in the range from zero to one, "the odds" in favor of that same event lie between zero and infinity. It is 6 times as likely that a random day is not a Sunday.
The use of odds in gambling facilitates betting on events where the relative probabilities of outcomes varied.Multi-CornersThe multi-corners result is calculated by multiplying the number of match corners taken in the first half by the number taken in the second half.
Corner HandicapCorners awarded but not taken do not count. Handicap is applied to final corner count for each team to determine handicap winner. Bets will be void if the match is abandoned. Alternative CornersSettlement of Alternative Corners market is based on the total corner count at the end of the match. Extra-Time Goal Line In-PlayNormal In-Play Goal line rules apply but only goals in extra-time count. Ten Minute Events In-PlayBets are settled on the number of events occurring in the specified ten-minute time period.
Time periods 41-50 and 81-90 include any added time. Events only count within the period they are taken - not awarded. In case of abandonment any bets on uncompleted time periods will be made void unless settlement of bets is already determined.
Note that for the 10 minute free-kicks market a penalty does not count as a free-kick. Corners, throw-ins, goal-kicks and free-kicks that have to be re-taken only count as 1. Foul throw-ins do not count. In the event of an abandoned match then bets for that match will be void. Otherwise, if the match is postponed or abandoned without both teams scoring, all bets will be void.
Bets will be void if the match is abandoned unless settlement of bets is already determined. Divisional GoalsA minimum of four matches must be played for bets to stand. Abandoned or postponed matches will be attributed 2. Total Goal MinutesPredict the aggregate time of all goals scored in the match, e.
Any goals scored in first half added time count as 45. Any goals scored in second half added time count as 90. Should a dispute arise as to the time of any goal then the time provided by the PA will be deemed the time for settlement purposes. If a match is abandoned then all bets will be made void apart from those that have already made up (e.
Number of Cards in MatchYellow card counts as 1, red card counts as 2. Any card shown after the full-time whistle has been blown will be disregarded.
Both yellow and red cards count for these markets. In the event of two or more players being booked for the same incident the player who is first shown a card by the referee will be deemed as the winner for settlement purposes. For betting purposes, a red card is counted as 2 cards.